THE LORD TOLD THIS PARABLE, “A sower went out to sow his seed, and as he was sowing, some seed fell along the path and was trampled on, and the birds of the sky devoured it. Some seed fell on the rock, and as it sprang up, it withered away because it had no moisture. Some seed fell among the thorns, and the thorns grew with it and choked it. Some seed fell on good soil, and when it grew, it produced fruit a hundredfold.” Then His disciples asked Jesus what this parable meant. He said, “To you it has been given to know the mysteries of the Kingdom of God, but to others it is given in parables, so that ‘seeing they may not perceive, and hearing they may not understand’ (Isaiah 6:9). Now this is what the parable means: The seed is the Word of God. The ones that fell along the path are those who have heard, then the devil comes and takes away the word from their hearts, so that they may not believe and be saved. The ones that fell on the rock are those who, when they hear the word, receive it with joy. But these have no root, they believe only for a while and in a time of temptation fall away. As for what fell among the thorns, these are the ones who hear, but as they go on their way, they are choked by the worries and wealth and pleasures of life, and their fruit does not mature. But as for what fell on the good soil, these are the ones who have heard the word with an honest and good heart, they retain it and bear fruit with patient endurance.” As He said this, He exclaimed, “Anyone with ears to hear, let them hear!”
Saint Cyril of Alexandria comments on the seed that fell along the path and have heard the Word of God,
We see in a moment that the hardness of the ground causes the seed on the path to be snatched away. A path always is hard and untilled, because it is exposed to every one's feet. It does not admit any seed into it, but it lies rather upon the surface, ready for any birds that will to snatch it away. All whose minds are hard and unyielding, and so to speak, pressed together, do not receive the divine seed. The divine and sacred admonition does not find an entrance into them. They do not accept the words that would produce in them the fear of God and by means of which they could bring forth as fruits the glories of virtue. They have made themselves a beaten and tramped path for unclean demons, yes for satan himself, such as never can bear holy fruit. Let those who are awake, whose heart is sterile and unfruitful, open your mind, receive the sacred seed, be like productive and well-tilled soil, bring forth to God the fruits that will raise you to an incorruptible life.
The Whole Counsel of God Bible study: