THE GENEALOGY OF JESUS CHRIST, the Son of David, the Son of Abraham. Abraham was the father of Isaac, and Isaac – the father of Jacob, and Jacob – the father of Judah and his brothers, and Judah – the father of Perez and Zerah by Tamar, and Perez – the father of Hezron, and Hezron – the father of Ram, and Ram – the father of Aminadab, and Aminadab – the father of Nahshon, and Nahshon – the father of Salmon, and Salmon – the father of Boaz by Rahab, and Boaz – the father of Obed by Ruth, and Obed – the father of Jesse, and Jesse was the father of King David. And David was the father of Solomon by Uriah’s wife, and Solomon – the father of Rehoboam, and Rehoboam – the father of Abijah, and Abijah – the father of Asa, and Asa – the father of Jehoshaphat, and Jehoshaphat – the father of Joram, and Joram – the father of Uzziah, and Uzziah – the father of Jotham, and Jotham – the father of Ahaz, and Ahaz – the father of Hezekiah, and Hezekiah – the father of Manasseh, and Manasseh – the father of Amon, and Amon – the father of Josiah, and Josiah was the father of Jechoniah and his brothers, at the time of the exile to Babylon. And after the exile to Babylon, Jechoniah was the father of Shealtiel, and Shealtiel – the father of Zerubbabel, and Zerubbabel – the father of Abiud, and Abiud – the father of Eliakim, and Eliakim – the father of Azor, and Azor – the father of Zadok, and Zadok – the father of Achim, and Achim – the father of Eliud, and Eliud – the father of Eleazar, and Eleazar – the father of Matthan, and Matthan – the father of Jacob, and Jacob was the father of Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom Jesus was born, Who is called Christ. And so, all the generations from Abraham to David are fourteen generations, and from David to the exile to Babylon – fourteen generations, and from the exile to Babylon to Christ – fourteen generations. Now the birth of Jesus Christ took place in this way: when His mother, Mary, had been engaged to Joseph, but before they lived together, she was found to be with Child from the Holy Spirit. Her husband, Joseph, being a righteous man and unwilling to expose her to a public disgrace, planned to divorce her secretly. But just when he had resolved to do this, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream and said, “Joseph, son of David, do not be afraid to take Mary as your wife, for the Child conceived in her is by the Holy Spirit. She will give birth to a Son, and you will name Him Jesus, for He will save His people from their sins.” All this took place to fulfill what had been spoken by the Lord through the prophet, “Behold, the Virgin will conceive and give birth to a Son, and His name will be called Emmanuel,” (Isaiah 7:14) which means, “God is with us.” When Joseph awoke from sleep, he did as the angel of the Lord commanded him. He took Mary as his wife, but had no marital relations with her until she gave birth to a Son, and he named Him Jesus.
Saint John Chrysostom on Emmanuel:
Why then do they not call Him Emmanuel, instead of Jesus Christ? Because the text says not "you shall call" but "His name will be called." This means that the multitude and the outcome of the events themselves will cause Him to be called Emmanuel. For here He puts the event as a name. This is customary in Scripture, to substitute names for the actual events. Therefore, to say "they will call Him 'Emmanuel'" means nothing else than that they will see God among us. Admittedly, God has always been among us, but never before so openly.