The holy apostle Peter
The son of Jonah and brother of Andrew the First-called, of the tribe of Simeon and the town of Bethsaida, he was a fisherman and was at first called Simon, but the Lord was pleased to call him Cephas, or Peter (John 1:42). He was the first of the disciples to give clear expression to his faith in the Lord Jesus, saying, "You are the Christ, the Son of the Living God" (Matthew 16:16). His love for the Lord was very strong, and his faith in Him went from strength to strength.
When the Lord was put on trial, Peter denied him three times, but it needed only one look into the face of the Lord, and Peter's soul was filled with shame and repentance. After the descent of the Holy Spirit, Peter became a fearless and powerful preacher of the Gospel. After his first sermon in Jerusalem, about 3,000 souls were converted to the Faith.
He preached the Gospel throughout Palestine and Asia Minor, in Italy and Illyria. He performed many wonders, healing the sick and raising the dead, and even his shadow had the power of healing the sick. He had a major struggle with Simon the Magician, who declared himself to be from God but was actually a servant of the devil. Peter finally put him to shame and overcame him.
Peter was condemned to death on the order of the wicked Emperor Nero, a friend of Simon's. After installing Linus as Bishop of Rome and exhorting and encouraging the flock of Christ there, Peter went to his death with joy. When he saw the cross before him, he asked the executioner to crucify him upside-down, because he felt himself unworthy to die in the same way as his Lord. And so this great servant of the greatest Master went to his rest and received a crown of eternal glory.
The holy apostle Paul
Born in Tarsus and of the tribe of Benjamin, he was formerly called Saul and studied under Gamaliel. He was a Pharisee and a persecutor of Christians. He was wondrously converted to the Christian faith by the Lord Himself, who appeared to him on the road to Damascus. He was baptized by the apostle Ananias, named Paul and enrolled in the work of the Great Apostles.
He preached the Gospel everywhere with burning zeal, from the borders of Arabia to the land of Spain, among both the Jews and the heathen, and receiving the title of "The Apostle to the Gentiles." His fearful sufferings were matched only by his superhuman endurance. Through all the years of his preaching, he hung from day to day like a thread between life and death.
Filling his days and nights with toil and sufferings for Christ, organizing the Church in many places and receiving a high level of perfection, he was able to say, "I live, yet not I but Christ lives in me" (Galatians 2:20). He was beheaded in Rome in the reign of Nero, at the same time as Saint Peter.
O first-enthroned of the apostles,
and teachers of the universe,
intercede with the Master of all
to grant peace to the world,
and to our souls great mercy.
O Lord, You have taken to Yourself the steadfast
and divinely-inspired heralds, the leaders of Your disciples,
for the enjoyment of Your blessings and their rest.
For You have accepted their labors and their deaths as above all burnt offerings,
for You alone know the hearts of people.
Today Christ the Rock glorifies with highest honor
the rock of Faith and leader of the apostles,
together with Paul and the company of the Twelve,
whose memory we celebrate with eagerness of faith,
giving glory to Him Who glorified them.